Home » Get SSH server key fingerprint

Get SSH server key fingerprint

Solutons:


You could do this by combining ssh-keyscan and ssh-keygen:

$ file=$(mktemp)
$ ssh-keyscan host > $file 2> /dev/null
$ ssh-keygen -l -f $file
521 de:ad:be:ef:de:ad:be:ef:de:ad:be:ef:de:ad:be:ef host (ECDSA)
4096 8b:ad:f0:0d:8b:ad:f0:0d:8b:ad:f0:0d:8b:ad:f0:0d host (RSA)
$ rm $file

(unfortunately the much simpler ssh-keyscan host | ssh-keygen -l -f /dev/stdin does not work)

I recently had to do this myself so I thought I’d add an answer which shows
how this can be done (with versions of OpenSSH 7.2 or newer) in one line
using process substitution:

ssh-keygen -lf <(ssh-keyscan hostname 2>/dev/null)

The following text explains how these commands work and highlights some of the
differences in behaviour between older and newer versions of the OpenSSH
utilities.

Fetch public host keys

The ssh-keyscan command was developed so that users can obtain public host
keys without needing to authenticate to the SSH server. From its man page:

ssh-keyscan is a utility for gathering the public ssh host keys of a
number of hosts. It was designed to aid in building and verifying
ssh_known_hosts files.

Key type

The type of key to be fetched is specified using the -t option.

  • rsa1 (obsolete SSH Protocol version 1)
  • rsa
  • dsa
  • ecdsa (recent versions of OpenSSH)
  • ed25519 (recent versions of OpenSSH)

In modern OpenSSH releases, the default key types to be fetched are rsa
(since version 5.1), ecdsa (since version 6.0), and ed25519 (since version
6.7).

With older versions of ssh-keyscan (before OpenSSH version 5.1), the
default key type was the out-dated rsa1 (SSH Protocol 1) so the key types
would need to be explicitly specified:

ssh-keyscan -t rsa,dsa hostname

Get fingerprint hashes of Base64 keys

ssh-keyscan prints the host key of the SSH server in Base64-encoded
format. To convert this to a fingerprint hash, the ssh-keygen utility can be
used with its -l option to print the fingerprint of the specified public
key.

If using Bash, Zsh (or the Korn shell), process
substitution can be used
for a handy one-liner:

ssh-keygen -lf <(ssh-keyscan hostname 2>/dev/null)

Note: With versions of OpenSSH before 7.2, the functions used by
ssh-keygen to read files, did not handle named pipes (FIFOs) very well so
this method wouldn’t work, thus requiring the use of temporary files.

Hashing algorithms

Recent versions of ssh-keygen print SHA256 fingerprint hashes of the keys.
To get MD5 hashes of the server key fingerprints (the old behaviour), the -E
option can be used to specify the hash algorithm:

ssh-keygen -E md5 -lf <(ssh-keyscan hostname 2>/dev/null)

Using a pipeline

If using a POSIX shell (such as dash) which doesn’t feature process substitution,
the other solutions using temporary files will work. However, with newer versions
of OpenSSH (since 7.2), a simple pipeline can be used since ssh-keygen will
accept - as a filename for the standard input stream, allowing a one-line
pipeline command.

ssh-keyscan hostname 2>/dev/null | ssh-keygen -E md5 -lf -

nmap provides this ability by using the ssh-hostkey script.

To return the key’s hexadecimal fingerprint:

$ nmap [SERVER] --script ssh-hostkey

To return the key’s content:

$ nmap [SERVER] --script ssh-hostkey --script-args ssh_hostkey=full

To return the key’s visual bubble

$ nmap [SERVER] --script ssh-hostkey --script-args ssh_hostkey='visual bubble'

To return all of the above:

$ nmap [SERVER] --script ssh-hostkey --script-args ssh_hostkey=all

Source: nmap docs

Related Solutions

Joining bash arguments into single string with spaces

[*] I believe that this does what you want. It will put all the arguments in one string, separated by spaces, with single quotes around all: str="'$*'" $* produces all the scripts arguments separated by the first character of $IFS which, by default, is a space....

AddTransient, AddScoped and AddSingleton Services Differences

TL;DR Transient objects are always different; a new instance is provided to every controller and every service. Scoped objects are the same within a request, but different across different requests. Singleton objects are the same for every object and every...

How to download package not install it with apt-get command?

Use --download-only: sudo apt-get install --download-only pppoe This will download pppoe and any dependencies you need, and place them in /var/cache/apt/archives. That way a subsequent apt-get install pppoe will be able to complete without any extra downloads....

What defines the maximum size for a command single argument?

Answers Definitely not a bug. The parameter which defines the maximum size for one argument is MAX_ARG_STRLEN. There is no documentation for this parameter other than the comments in binfmts.h: /* * These are the maximum length and maximum number of strings...

Bulk rename, change prefix

I'd say the simplest it to just use the rename command which is common on many Linux distributions. There are two common versions of this command so check its man page to find which one you have: ## rename from Perl (common in Debian systems -- Ubuntu, Mint,...

Output from ls has newlines but displays on a single line. Why?

When you pipe the output, ls acts differently. This fact is hidden away in the info documentation: If standard output is a terminal, the output is in columns (sorted vertically) and control characters are output as question marks; otherwise, the output is...

mv: Move file only if destination does not exist

mv -vn file1 file2. This command will do what you want. You can skip -v if you want. -v makes it verbose - mv will tell you that it moved file if it moves it(useful, since there is possibility that file will not be moved) -n moves only if file2 does not exist....

Is it possible to store and query JSON in SQLite?

SQLite 3.9 introduced a new extension (JSON1) that allows you to easily work with JSON data . Also, it introduced support for indexes on expressions, which (in my understanding) should allow you to define indexes on your JSON data as well. PostgreSQL has some...

Combining tail && journalctl

You could use: journalctl -u service-name -f -f, --follow Show only the most recent journal entries, and continuously print new entries as they are appended to the journal. Here I've added "service-name" to distinguish this answer from others; you substitute...

how can shellshock be exploited over SSH?

One example where this can be exploited is on servers with an authorized_keys forced command. When adding an entry to ~/.ssh/authorized_keys, you can prefix the line with command="foo" to force foo to be run any time that ssh public key is used. With this...

Why doesn’t the tilde (~) expand inside double quotes?

The reason, because inside double quotes, tilde ~ has no special meaning, it's treated as literal. POSIX defines Double-Quotes as: Enclosing characters in double-quotes ( "" ) shall preserve the literal value of all characters within the double-quotes, with the...

What is GNU Info for?

GNU Info was designed to offer documentation that was comprehensive, hyperlinked, and possible to output to multiple formats. Man pages were available, and they were great at providing printed output. However, they were designed such that each man page had a...

Set systemd service to execute after fstab mount

a CIFS network location is mounted via /etc/fstab to /mnt/ on boot-up. No, it is not. Get this right, and the rest falls into place naturally. The mount is handled by a (generated) systemd mount unit that will be named something like mnt-wibble.mount. You can...

Merge two video clips into one, placing them next to each other

To be honest, using the accepted answer resulted in a lot of dropped frames for me. However, using the hstack filter_complex produced perfectly fluid output: ffmpeg -i left.mp4 -i right.mp4 -filter_complex hstack output.mp4 ffmpeg -i input1.mp4 -i input2.mp4...

How portable are /dev/stdin, /dev/stdout and /dev/stderr?

It's been available on Linux back into its prehistory. It is not POSIX, although many actual shells (including AT&T ksh and bash) will simulate it if it's not present in the OS; note that this simulation only works at the shell level (i.e. redirection or...

How can I increase the number of inodes in an ext4 filesystem?

It seems that you have a lot more files than normal expectation. I don't know whether there is a solution to change the inode table size dynamically. I'm afraid that you need to back-up your data, and create new filesystem, and restore your data. To create new...

Why doesn’t cp have a progress bar like wget?

The tradition in unix tools is to display messages only if something goes wrong. I think this is both for design and practical reasons. The design is intended to make it obvious when something goes wrong: you get an error message, and it's not drowned in...