Home » How do I install a .tar.gz (or .tar.bz2) file?

How do I install a .tar.gz (or .tar.bz2) file?

Solutons:


The first thing you need to do is extract the files from inside the tar archive to a folder. Let’s copy the files to your desktop. You can extract an archive by right-clicking the archive file’s icon inside your file browser and pressing the appropriate entry in the context menu.
Extracting the archive should create a new folder with a similar name. e.g. program-1.2.3.
Now you need to open your terminal and navigate to that directory using the following command:

cd /home/yourusername/Desktop/program-1.2.3

Make sure you read a file called INSTALL, INSTALL.txt, README, or something similar if one was extracted. You can check if such a file exists from the terminal by using the ls command. The file can be opened and read with the command:

xdg-open INSTALL

Where INSTALL is the name of your file.
This file will contain the right steps to follow to continue the installation process. Usually, the three “classical” steps are:

./configure
make
sudo make install

You may also need to install some dependencies if, for example, running configure prompted you with an error listing which dependencies you are missing.

You can also use checkinstall instead of make install.

Remember that your mileage may vary.

You cannot “install” a .tar.gz file or .tar.bz2 file. .tar.gz files are gzip-compressed tarballs, compressed archives like .zip files. .bz2 files are compressed with bzip2. You can extract .tar.gz files using:

tar xzf file.tar.gz

Similarly you can extract .tar.bz2 files with

tar xjf file.tar.bz2

If you would like to see the files being extracted during unpacking, add v:

tar xzvf file.tar.gz

Even if you have no Internet connection, you can still use Ubuntu’s package management system, just download the .deb files from http://packages.ubuntu.com/. Do not forget to download dependencies too.

For an easier way to install packages offline, see the question How can I install software offline?.

How you compile a program from a source

  1. Open a console
  2. Use the command cd to navigate to the correct folder. If there is a README file with installation instructions, use that instead.
  3. Extract the files with one of the commands

    • If it’s tar.gz use tar xvzf PACKAGENAME.tar.gz
    • if it’s a tar.bz2 use tar xvjf PACKAGENAME.tar.bz2
  4. ./configure

  5. make
  6. sudo make install (or with checkinstall)

Download a package from the software sources or the software center.

If you install a package via the software sources and not downloading the package on your own, you will get new updates to that package and install them via the Update Manager.

You could just install MYPACKAGE by typing in a terminal:

sudo apt-get install MYPACKAGE

or by using the software center and searching for MYPACKAGE. But if it’s not there go with the source.

Related Solutions

Extract file from docker image?

You can extract files from an image with the following commands: docker create $image # returns container ID docker cp $container_id:$source_path $destination_path docker rm $container_id According to the docker create documentation, this doesn't run the...

Transfer files using scp: permission denied

Your commands are trying to put the new Document to the root (/) of your machine. What you want to do is to transfer them to your home directory (since you have no permissions to write to /). If path to your home is something like /home/erez try the following:...

What’s the purpose of DH Parameters?

What exactly is the purpose of these DH Parameters? These parameters define how OpenSSL performs the Diffie-Hellman (DH) key-exchange. As you stated correctly they include a field prime p and a generator g. The purpose of the availability to customize these...

How to rsync multiple source folders

You can pass multiple source arguments. rsync -a /etc/fstab /home/user/download bkp This creates bkp/fstab and bkp/download, like the separate commands you gave. It may be desirable to preserve the source structure instead. To do this, use / as the source and...

Benefits of Structured Logging vs basic logging

There are two fundamental advances with the structured approach that can't be emulated using text logs without (sometimes extreme levels of) additional effort. Event Types When you write two events with log4net like: log.Debug("Disk quota {0} exceeded by user...

Interfaces vs Types in TypeScript

2019 Update The current answers and the official documentation are outdated. And for those new to TypeScript, the terminology used isn't clear without examples. Below is a list of up-to-date differences. 1. Objects / Functions Both can be used to describe the...

Get total as you type with added column (append) using jQuery

One issue if that the newly-added column id's are missing the id number. If you look at the id, it only shows "price-", when it should probably be "price-2-1", since the original ones are "price-1", and the original ones should probably be something like...

Determining if a file is a hard link or symbolic link?

Jim's answer explains how to test for a symlink: by using test's -L test. But testing for a "hard link" is, well, strictly speaking not what you want. Hard links work because of how Unix handles files: each file is represented by a single inode. Then a single...

How to restrict a Google search to results of a specific language?

You can do that using the advanced search options: http://www.googleguide.com/sharpening_queries.html I also found this, which might work for you: http://www.searchenginejournal.com/how-to-see-google-search-results-for-other-locations/25203/ Just wanted to add...

Random map generation

Among the many other related questions on the site, there's an often linked article for map generation: Polygonal Map Generation for Games you can glean some good strategies from that article, but it can't really be used as is. While not a tutorial, there's an...

How to prettyprint a JSON file?

The json module already implements some basic pretty printing in the dump and dumps functions, with the indent parameter that specifies how many spaces to indent by: >>> import json >>> >>> your_json = '["foo", {"bar":["baz", null,...

How can I avoid the battery charging when connected via USB?

I have an Android 4.0.3 phone without root access so can't test any of this but let me point you to /sys/class/power_supply/battery/ which gives some info/control over charging issues. In particular there is charging_enabled which gives the current state (0 not...

How to transform given dataset in python? [closed]

From your expected result, it appears that each "group" is based on contiguous id values. For this, you can use the compare-cumsum-groupby pattern, and then use agg to get the min and max values. # Sample data. df = pd.DataFrame( {'id': [1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1,...

Output of the following C++ Program [closed]

It works exactly like this non-recursive translation: int func_0() { return 2; } int func_1() { return 3; } int func_2() { return func_1() + func_0(); } // Returns 3 + 2 = 5 int func_3() { return func_2() + func_1(); } // Returns 5 + 3 = 8 int func_4() { return...

Making a circle out of . (periods) [closed]

Here's the maths and even an example program in C: http://pixwiki.bafsoft.com/mags/5/articles/circle/sincos.htm (link no longer exists). And position: absolute, left and top will let you draw: http://www.w3.org/TR/CSS2/visuren.html#choose-position Any further...

Should I use a code converter (Python to C++)?

Generally it's an awful way to write code, and does not guarantee that it will be any faster. Things which are simple and fast in one language can be complex and slow in another. You're better off either learning how to write fast Python code or learning C++...

tkinter: cannot concatenate ‘str’ and ‘float’ objects

This one line is more than enough to cause the problem: text="რეგულარი >> "+2.23+ 'GEL' 2.23 is a floating-point value; 'GEL' is a string. What does it mean to add an arithmetic value and a string of letters? If you want the string label 'რეგულარი...