Home » What is the fastest way to send massive amounts of data between two computers? [closed]

What is the fastest way to send massive amounts of data between two computers? [closed]


Since the servers are physically next to each other, and you mentioned in the comments you have physical access to them, the fastest way would be to take the hard-drive out of the first computer, place it into the second, and transfer the files over the SATA connection.

netcat is great for situations like this where security is not an issue:

# on destination machine, create listener on port 9999
nc -l 9999 > /path/to/outfile

# on source machine, send to destination:9999
nc destination_host_or_ip 9999 < /dev/sda
# or dd if=/dev/sda | nc destination_host_or_ip 9999

Note, if you are using dd from GNU coreutils, you can send SIGUSR1 to the process and it will emit progress to stderr. For BSD dd, use SIGINFO.

pv is even more helpful in reporting progress during the copy:

# on destination
nc -l 9999 | pv > /path/to/outfile

# on source
pv /dev/sda | nc destination_host_or_ip 9999
# or dd if=/dev/sda | pv | nc destination_host_or_ip 9999

  1. Do use fast compression.

    • Whatever your transfer medium – especially for network or usb – you’ll be working with data bursts for reads, caches, and writes, and these will not exactly be in sync.
    • Besides the disk firmware, disk caches, and kernel/ram caches, if you can also employ the systems’ CPUs in some way to concentrate the amount of data exchanged per burst then you should do so.
    • Any compression algorithm at all will automatically handle sparse runs of input as fast as possible, but there are very few that will handle the rest at network throughputs.
    • lz4 is your best option here:

      LZ4 is a very fast lossless compression algorithm, providing compression speed at 400 MB/s per core, scalable with multi-cores CPU. It also features an extremely fast decoder, with speed in multiple GB/s per core, typically reaching RAM speed limits on multi-core systems.

  2. Preferably do not unnecessarily seek.

    • This can be difficult to gauge.
    • If there is a lot of free space on the device from which you copy, and the device has not been recently zeroed, but all of the source file-system(s) should be copied, then it is probably worth your while to first do something like:

      </dev/zero tee >empty empty1 empty2; sync; rm empty*
    • But that depends on what level you should be reading the source. It is usually desirable to read the device from start to finish from its /dev/some_disk device file, because reading at the file-system level will generally involve seeking back-and-forth and around the disk non-sequentially. And so your read command should be something like:

      </dev/source_device lz4 | ...
    • However, if your source file-system should not be transferred entire, then reading at the file-system level is fairly unavoidable, and so you should ball up your input contents into a stream. pax is generally the best and most simple solution in that case, but you might also consider mksquashfs as well.

      pax -r /source/tree[12] | lz4 | ...
      mksquashfs /source/tree[12] /dev/fd/1 -comp lz4 | ...
  3. Do not encrypt with ssh.

    • Adding encryption overhead to a trusted medium is unnecessary, and can be severely detrimental to the speed of sustained transfers in that the data read needs reading twice.
    • The PRNG needs the read data, or at least some of it, to sustain randomness.
    • And of course you need to transfer the data as well.
    • You also need to transfer the encryption overhead itself – which means more work for less data transferred per burst.
    • And so rather you should use netcat (or, as I prefer, the nmap project’s more capable ncat) for a simple network copy, as has elsewhere been suggested:

      ###  on tgt machine...
      nc -l 9999 > out.lz4
      ###  then on src machine...
      ... lz4 | nc tgt.local 9999

Related Solutions

Joining bash arguments into single string with spaces

[*] I believe that this does what you want. It will put all the arguments in one string, separated by spaces, with single quotes around all: str="'$*'" $* produces all the scripts arguments separated by the first character of $IFS which, by default, is a space....

AddTransient, AddScoped and AddSingleton Services Differences

TL;DR Transient objects are always different; a new instance is provided to every controller and every service. Scoped objects are the same within a request, but different across different requests. Singleton objects are the same for every object and every...

How to download package not install it with apt-get command?

Use --download-only: sudo apt-get install --download-only pppoe This will download pppoe and any dependencies you need, and place them in /var/cache/apt/archives. That way a subsequent apt-get install pppoe will be able to complete without any extra downloads....

What defines the maximum size for a command single argument?

Answers Definitely not a bug. The parameter which defines the maximum size for one argument is MAX_ARG_STRLEN. There is no documentation for this parameter other than the comments in binfmts.h: /* * These are the maximum length and maximum number of strings...

Bulk rename, change prefix

I'd say the simplest it to just use the rename command which is common on many Linux distributions. There are two common versions of this command so check its man page to find which one you have: ## rename from Perl (common in Debian systems -- Ubuntu, Mint,...

Output from ls has newlines but displays on a single line. Why?

When you pipe the output, ls acts differently. This fact is hidden away in the info documentation: If standard output is a terminal, the output is in columns (sorted vertically) and control characters are output as question marks; otherwise, the output is...

mv: Move file only if destination does not exist

mv -vn file1 file2. This command will do what you want. You can skip -v if you want. -v makes it verbose - mv will tell you that it moved file if it moves it(useful, since there is possibility that file will not be moved) -n moves only if file2 does not exist....

Is it possible to store and query JSON in SQLite?

SQLite 3.9 introduced a new extension (JSON1) that allows you to easily work with JSON data . Also, it introduced support for indexes on expressions, which (in my understanding) should allow you to define indexes on your JSON data as well. PostgreSQL has some...

Combining tail && journalctl

You could use: journalctl -u service-name -f -f, --follow Show only the most recent journal entries, and continuously print new entries as they are appended to the journal. Here I've added "service-name" to distinguish this answer from others; you substitute...

how can shellshock be exploited over SSH?

One example where this can be exploited is on servers with an authorized_keys forced command. When adding an entry to ~/.ssh/authorized_keys, you can prefix the line with command="foo" to force foo to be run any time that ssh public key is used. With this...

Why doesn’t the tilde (~) expand inside double quotes?

The reason, because inside double quotes, tilde ~ has no special meaning, it's treated as literal. POSIX defines Double-Quotes as: Enclosing characters in double-quotes ( "" ) shall preserve the literal value of all characters within the double-quotes, with the...

What is GNU Info for?

GNU Info was designed to offer documentation that was comprehensive, hyperlinked, and possible to output to multiple formats. Man pages were available, and they were great at providing printed output. However, they were designed such that each man page had a...

Set systemd service to execute after fstab mount

a CIFS network location is mounted via /etc/fstab to /mnt/ on boot-up. No, it is not. Get this right, and the rest falls into place naturally. The mount is handled by a (generated) systemd mount unit that will be named something like mnt-wibble.mount. You can...

Merge two video clips into one, placing them next to each other

To be honest, using the accepted answer resulted in a lot of dropped frames for me. However, using the hstack filter_complex produced perfectly fluid output: ffmpeg -i left.mp4 -i right.mp4 -filter_complex hstack output.mp4 ffmpeg -i input1.mp4 -i input2.mp4...

How portable are /dev/stdin, /dev/stdout and /dev/stderr?

It's been available on Linux back into its prehistory. It is not POSIX, although many actual shells (including AT&T ksh and bash) will simulate it if it's not present in the OS; note that this simulation only works at the shell level (i.e. redirection or...

How can I increase the number of inodes in an ext4 filesystem?

It seems that you have a lot more files than normal expectation. I don't know whether there is a solution to change the inode table size dynamically. I'm afraid that you need to back-up your data, and create new filesystem, and restore your data. To create new...

Why doesn’t cp have a progress bar like wget?

The tradition in unix tools is to display messages only if something goes wrong. I think this is both for design and practical reasons. The design is intended to make it obvious when something goes wrong: you get an error message, and it's not drowned in...