Home ยป Why AMBULANCE is written as ECNALUBMA on emergency vehicles?

Why AMBULANCE is written as ECNALUBMA on emergency vehicles?

Solutons:


To make AMBULANCE easier read for vehicles in front of the ambulance. Ambulance are typically in greater speed than surrounding vehicles which make the ambulance front visible in other cars rear view mirror. At least those cars that need to get away to give room for the ambulance passing through traffic.

The most common modern usage of mirror writing can be found on the front of ambulances, where the word “AMBULANCE” is often written in very large mirrored text, so that drivers see the word the right way around in their rear-view mirror.

Reference: Mirror writing

Ambulance view in mirror of car

Nowadays, it’s done more out of tradition and convention than for functional reasons

While the original purpose of the reversed ‘AMBULANCE’ was better readability, advances in lighting, safety design, and understanding of visual cognition have rendered this lettering of secondary importance.

Some issues with the reverse AMBULANCE signage:

  • The word is long and difficult to read in rear-view mirrors.
  • It presents problems for multicultural/multilingual cities/towns.
  • There are far more effective ways to visually communicate an emergency vehicle.
  • When ambulances need to be noticed, flashing lights, sound, and sign coloring are more effective than lettering.

Here are some more updated practices on ambulance lettering:

  • FEMA studied Emergency Vehicle Visibility and Conspicuity here and concluded that flourescent materials, vehicle outline, colors, lighting, and emblems are the most impactful factors in vehicle visibility.
  • The 2014 FEMA Emergency Vehicle Safety Initiative has a section on Visibility and Conspicuity which focuses on striping, lighting, and color rather than lettering/fonts as primary mechanisms for vehicle visibility.
  • The National Fire Protection Association published a Standard for Automotive Ambulances which specifies reflective striping, flashing lights and placement rather than lettering for visibility.
  • The Federal Specification for Star-of-life Ambulances has very specific requirements for lighting, placement, and reflective materials but is open on lettering and emblems.

There is a good argument that the front of an ambulance would be much more communicative if used with an emblem or (as in this Australian study on ambulance visual safety) a simple reflective band.

For example, the following symbols are all far easier to read at a glance and understandable in multi-cultural cities than the word AMBULANCE. They are also mirror-friendly, in the sense that they are symmetrical enough so that the meaning is clear whether you’re looking straight on or through a mirror:

enter image description here

Related Solutions

How to play YouTube audio in background/minimised?

Here's a solution using entirely free and open source software. The basic idea is that although YouTube can't play clips in the background, VLC for Android can play clips in the background, so all we need to do is pipe the clip to VLC where we can listen to it...

Why not use “which”? What to use then?

Here is all you never thought you would ever not want to know about it: Summary To get the pathname of an executable in a Bourne-like shell script (there are a few caveats; see below): ls=$(command -v ls) To find out if a given command exists: if command -v...

Split string into Array of Arrays [closed]

If I got correct what you want to receive as a result, then this code would make what you want: extension Array { func chunked(into size: Int) -> [[Element]] { return stride(from: 0, to: self.count, by: size).map { Array(self[$0 ..< Swift.min($0 + size,...

Retrieving n rows per group

Let's start with the basic scenario. If I want to get some number of rows out of a table, I have two main options: ranking functions; or TOP. First, let's consider the whole set from Production.TransactionHistory for a particular ProductID: SELECT...

Don’t understand how my mum’s Gmail account was hacked

IMPORTANT: this is based on data I got from your link, but the server might implement some protection. For example, once it has sent its "silver bullet" against a victim, it might answer with a faked "silver bullet" to the same request, so that anyone...

What is /storage/emulated/0/?

/storage/emulated/0/Download is the actual path to the files. /sdcard/Download is a symlink to the actual path of /storage/emulated/0/Download However, the actual files are located in the filesystem in /data/media, which is then mounted to /storage/emulated/0...

How can I pass a command line argument into a shell script?

The shell command and any arguments to that command appear as numbered shell variables: $0 has the string value of the command itself, something like script, ./script, /home/user/bin/script or whatever. Any arguments appear as "$1", "$2", "$3" and so on. The...

What is pointer to string in C?

argv is an array of pointers pointing to zero terminated c-strings. I painted the following pretty picture to help you visualize something about the pointers. And here is a code example that shows you how an operating system would pass arguments to your...

How do mobile carriers know video resolution over HTTPS connections?

This is an active area of research. I happen to have done some work in this area, so I'll share what I can about the basic idea (this work was with industry partners and I can't share the secret details ๐Ÿ™‚ ). The tl;dr is that it's often possible to identify an...

How do I change the name of my Android device?

To change the hostname (device name) you have to use the terminal (as root): For Eclair (2.1): echo MYNAME > /proc/sys/kernel/hostname For Froyo (2.2): (works also on most 2.3) setprop net.hostname MYNAME Then restart your wi-fi. To see the change, type...

How does reverse SSH tunneling work?

I love explaining this kind of thing through visualization. ๐Ÿ™‚ Think of your SSH connections as tubes. Big tubes. Normally, you'll reach through these tubes to run a shell on a remote computer. The shell runs in a virtual terminal (tty). But you know this part...

Difference between database vs user vs schema

In Oracle, users and schemas are essentially the same thing. You can consider that a user is the account you use to connect to a database, and a schema is the set of objects (tables, views, etc.) that belong to that account. See this post on Stack Overflow:...

What’s the output of this code written in java?

//if you're using Eclipse, press ctrl-shift-f to "beautify" your code and make it easier to read int arr[] = new int[3]; //create a new array containing 3 elements for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) { arr[i] = i;//assign each successive value of i to an entry in...

How safe are password managers like LastPass?

We should distinguish between offline password managers (like Password Safe) and online password managers (like LastPass). Offline password managers carry relatively little risk. It is true that the saved passwords are a single point of failure. But then, your...

Can anyone tell me why this program go to infinite times?

while (i <= 2) { while (i > 0) { a = a + b; i--; <- out the inner while loop when i = 0 } printf("%d", a); i++; <- at here, the i==0 each time, so infinity loop } Because your nested loop always restores the value of i to 0, And 0 <= 2 is always...